Patara was the harbour city of Lycia. It was the principal port of south-west Anatolia. Patara had also 3 vote right in Lycian assembly, which was held usually in Patara. Today, next to the theatre we see the ruins of the assembly structure.

Patara is worth to visit as it is very close to Kalkan and provides great information about ancient Lycia life. Olive oil press center is uncovered in great extent, where you may evaluate the industrial dimension of Lycia.

The lighthouse, which is recently uncovered, gives the traces of sea transportation and trading life and its vital importance for the region.

Granarium (silos) was a part of trading.

Water was brought via ducts and pressure pipes made of stone from Saklıkent (block stones were drilled to use like a pressure pipe). Some parts are still standing and one can observe the engineering level of the time.

Patara's known history goes back to Tudhalia IV time, Hittite King. On Yalburt inscriptions Tudhalia told us he went to Patara and built steles there. Herein below some inscriptions from Yalburt.


Patara is birthplace of Anatolian god Apollo. In Illiad its name is Phoibos. He and his Anatolian sister Artemis had always helped the Trojians and Troy, as an Anatolia city. A large bust of Apollo was found in Patara, which is believed that an evidence of an Apollo temple, yet to be discovered.

Lycia in ancient times meant "illuminated nation" as well as Land of Light. Patara, being one of the main cities of Lycia, with its baths, stoa, theatre, administration building, lighthouse, oil press, widest marble avenue of Anatolia, temples, its beautiful main gate, and many other artifacts is waiting for you.

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