Lycia Coins

Koprelle

The one at right is a motif called triskele, in other words Lycia Sun.

 

 

Harpies Monument

 

Lycia map

Click to enlarge the map

Ancient Lycia Sites

 

 

Kalkan is located in the region where once Lycian civilization prevailed circa 2000 BC to Byzantine ages circa 800 AD. Hittites called them nation of Lukka, whose language was called Luvian. Iliad notes Lycians with its king of Sarpedon. Hittite king Tudhalia IV carved in stones eternally in 1250 BC that he came to Patara and erected steles, which is a clear proof of existence of Lycians at this age.
Lycians are known to be the first in history to establish a federal state. In total 23 city kingdoms were in Lycian League out of which Tlos, Xanthos, Pinara, Patara, Myra, and Olympos had power over the others with three votes in the assembly.
Xanthos, Patara, Letoon, Pinara, Tlos are in near vicinity of Kalkan from 10 Km to 50 Km. Thus, you will obtain a good chance to visit these ancient places during your stay in Kalkan.

Xanthos, Sarpedon's country, a hero in Illiad, who claimed “I have come a long way from here to help, I have come from distant Lycia and the eddying Xanthos, where I settled my dear wife, child and enough business and personal effects to make the poor and destitute salivate in anticipation. Once again, II’ve taken the Lycians into battle
Look, and you will see me out in the very front”. Read more...

The ancient city Patara, birthplace of Apollo, an Anatolian God, is situted between Kalkan and Ova, only 12 Km from Kalkan. Hittite King Tudhalia IV had noted eternally on Yalburt Inscriptions:“I made sacrifices and presented gifts opposite Patar Mountain, I erected stelai, and constructed sacred buildings”. Read more...

"Letoon was founded in honor of Leto, mother Goddess and mother of Apollo and Artemis, who were also Anatolian sacred cults. It has often been said that many of the Greek gods were exported to Greece from Anatolia and were developed from the religious culture of the Hittites "- İlhan Akşit. Letoon is only 30 Km from Kalkan.Read more...

Ancient historians mentioned that Pınara was the most important Lycian city. Why? No answer. Pınara was founded by colonists from Xanthos. Read more...

On the way to Finike from Kalkan, Myra is situtated at Kale 24 Km to Finike. It is country of Santa Claus. Read more...

Tlos is on the way to Saklıkent. If you decide to go to Saklıkent, do not forget to pay a visit to Tlos too. Further to finding of an axe, Tlos excavations has proven that Lycia had existed in the 2nd millennium. Then, the name was Talava. Read more...

9 Km to Finike, you reach the ruins of ancient Limyra, known as Zemuri in ancient times. Pericles adopted the city as the capital of Lycian League. Read more...


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